Java使用JDBC连接Hive(新版本)API打包

MsSql 作者:MCbang 2016-06-09 16:47:53 阅读:148
Java使用JDBC连接Hive(新版本)API封装

网上找了很多封装的API,发现都是过时了的,运行报各种错误,经过了几天的调错,终于可以使用java代码操作hive了

首先看看所需的包

这里写图片描述

所有的分析都在代码里面

注意:网上很多代码对于DDL都执行 res = stmt.executeQuery(sql); 
这是错的,因为新版本DDL不能返回结果集,会报如下错误 
java.sql.SQLException: The query did not generate a result set! 
所以只能写 stmt.execute(sql); 
它会返回一个boolean值 
只有对于DML才能返回结果集 
具体看下面的代码大家就懂了,不信的话大家可以试试,我的是1.1.1版本

package com.berg.hive.test1.api;import java.sql.Connection;  import java.sql.DriverManager;  import java.sql.ResultSet;  import java.sql.SQLException;  import java.sql.Statement;  import org.apache.log4j.Logger;  /**  * Hive的JavaApi  *   * 启动hive的远程服务接口命令行执行:hive --service hiveserver &  *   * @author 汤高  *   */  public class HiveJdbcCli {      //网上写 org.apache.hadoop.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver ,新版本不能这样写    private static String driverName = "org.apache.hive.jdbc.HiveDriver";    //这里是hive2,网上其他人都写hive,在高版本中会报错    private static String url = "jdbc:hive2://master:10000/default";     private static String user = "hive";      private static String password = "hive";      private static String sql = "";      private static ResultSet res;      private static final Logger log = Logger.getLogger(HiveJdbcCli.class);      public static void main(String[] args) {          Connection conn = null;          Statement stmt = null;          try {              conn = getConn();              stmt = conn.createStatement();              // 第一步:存在就先删除              String tableName = dropTable(stmt);              // 第二步:不存在就创建              createTable(stmt, tableName);              // 第三步:查看创建的表              showTables(stmt, tableName);              // 执行describe table操作              describeTables(stmt, tableName);              // 执行load data into table操作              loadData(stmt, tableName);              // 执行 select * query 操作              selectData(stmt, tableName);              // 执行 regular hive query 统计操作              countData(stmt, tableName);          } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {              e.printStackTrace();              log.error(driverName + " not found!", e);              System.exit(1);          } catch (SQLException e) {              e.printStackTrace();              log.error("Connection error!", e);              System.exit(1);          } finally {              try {                  if (conn != null) {                      conn.close();                      conn = null;                  }                  if (stmt != null) {                      stmt.close();                      stmt = null;                  }              } catch (SQLException e) {                  e.printStackTrace();              }          }      }      private static void countData(Statement stmt, String tableName)              throws SQLException {          sql = "select count(1) from " + tableName;          System.out.println("Running:" + sql);          res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);          System.out.println("执行“regular hive query”运行结果:");          while (res.next()) {              System.out.println("count ------>" + res.getString(1));          }      }      private static void selectData(Statement stmt, String tableName)              throws SQLException {          sql = "select * from " + tableName;          System.out.println("Running:" + sql);          res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);          System.out.println("执行 select * query 运行结果:");          while (res.next()) {              System.out.println(res.getInt(1) + "\t" + res.getString(2));          }      }      private static void loadData(Statement stmt, String tableName)              throws SQLException {          //目录 ,我的是hive安装的机子的虚拟机的home目录下        String filepath = "user.txt";          sql = "load data local inpath '" + filepath + "' into table "                  + tableName;          System.out.println("Running:" + sql);           stmt.execute(sql);      }      private static void describeTables(Statement stmt, String tableName)              throws SQLException {          sql = "describe " + tableName;          System.out.println("Running:" + sql);          res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);          System.out.println("执行 describe table 运行结果:");          while (res.next()) {              System.out.println(res.getString(1) + "\t" + res.getString(2));          }      }      private static void showTables(Statement stmt, String tableName)              throws SQLException {          sql = "show tables '" + tableName + "'";          System.out.println("Running:" + sql);          res = stmt.executeQuery(sql);          System.out.println("执行 show tables 运行结果:");          if (res.next()) {              System.out.println(res.getString(1));          }      }      private static void createTable(Statement stmt, String tableName)              throws SQLException {          sql = "create table "                  + tableName                  + " (key int, value string)  row format delimited fields terminated by '\t'";          stmt.execute(sql);      }      private static String dropTable(Statement stmt) throws SQLException {          // 创建的表名          String tableName = "testHive";          sql = "drop table  " + tableName;          stmt.execute(sql);          return tableName;      }      private static Connection getConn() throws ClassNotFoundException,              SQLException {          Class.forName(driverName);          Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, password);          return conn;      }  }  

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