查看数据库,索引,表,表空间大小 PostgreSQL 查看数据库,索引,表,表空间大小的示 ...

PostgreSQL 作者:MCbang 2013-10-03 16:43:43 阅读:32

PostgreSQL 提供了多个系统管理函数来查看表,索引,表空间及数据库的大小,下面详细介绍一下
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一、简介

PostgreSQL 提供了多个系统管理函数来查看表,索引,表空间及数据库的大小,下面详细介绍一下。

二、数据库对象尺寸函数

函数名返回类型描述
pg_column_size(any)int存储一个指定的数值需要的字节数(可能压缩过)
pg_database_size(oid)bigint指定OID的数据库使用的磁盘空间
pg_database_size(name)bigint指定名称的数据库使用的磁盘空间
pg_indexes_size(regclass)bigint关联指定表OID或表名的表索引的使用总磁盘空间
pg_relation_size(relation regclass, fork text)bigint指定OID或名的表或索引,通过指定fork('main', 'fsm' 或'vm')所使用的磁盘空间
pg_relation_size(relation regclass)bigintpg_relation_size(..., 'main')的缩写
pg_size_pretty(bigint)textConverts a size in bytes expressed as a 64-bit integer into a human-readable format with size units
pg_size_pretty(numeric)text把以字节计算的数值转换成一个人类易读的尺寸单位
pg_table_size(regclass)bigint指定表OID或表名的表使用的磁盘空间,除去索引(但是包含TOAST,自由空间映射和可视映射)
pg_tablespace_size(oid)bigint指定OID的表空间使用的磁盘空间
pg_tablespace_size(name)bigint指定名称的表空间使用的磁盘空间
pg_total_relation_size(regclass)bigint指定表OID或表名使用的总磁盘空间,包括所有索引和TOAST数据


三、实例讲解
3.1 查看存储一个指定的数值需要的字节数
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_column_size(1);
pg_column_size
----------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_column_size(10000);
pg_column_size
----------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_column_size('david');
pg_column_size
----------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_column_size('hello,world');
pg_column_size
----------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_column_size('2013-04-18 15:17:21.622885+08');
pg_column_size
----------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_column_size('中国');
pg_column_size
----------------
(1 row)
david=#

3.2 查看数据库大小
查看原始数据
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# \d test
Table "public.test"
Column | Type | Modifiers
-----------+-----------------------+-----------
id | integer |
name | character varying(20) |
gender | boolean |
join_date | date |
dept | character(4) |
Indexes:
"idx_join_date_test" btree (join_date)
"idx_test" btree (id)
david=# select count(1) from test;
count
---------
(1 row)
david=#

查看david 数据库大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_database_size('david');
pg_database_size
------------------
(1 row)
david=#

查看所有数据库大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_database.datname, pg_database_size(pg_database.datname) AS size from pg_database;
datname | size
-----------+-------------
template0 | 6513156
postgres | 6657144
jboss | 6521348
bugs | 6521348
david | 190534776
BMCV3 | 28147135608
mydb | 10990712
template1 | 6521348
(8 rows)
david=#

这样查出来的结果,看上去太长了,不太容易读数。
3.3 以人性化的方式显示大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_database_size('david'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
MB
(1 row)
david=#

3.4 查看单索引大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_relation_size('idx_test');
pg_relation_size
------------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size('idx_test'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
MB
(1 row)
david=#

复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size('idx_join_date_test'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
MB
(1 row)
david=#

3.5 查看指定表中所有索引大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_indexes_size('test');
pg_indexes_size
-----------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_indexes_size('test'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
MB
(1 row)
david=#

idx_test 和idx_join_date_test 两个索引大小加起来差不多等于上面pg_indexes_size() 查询出来的索引大小。
3.6 查看指定schema 里所有的索引大小,按从大到小的顺序排列。
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select * from pg_namespace;
nspname | nspowner | nspacl
--------------------+----------+-------------------------------------
pg_toast | 10 |
pg_temp_1 | 10 |
pg_toast_temp_1 | 10 |
pg_catalog | 10 | {postgres=UC/postgres,=U/postgres}
information_schema | 10 | {postgres=UC/postgres,=U/postgres}
public | 10 | {postgres=UC/postgres,=UC/postgres}
(6 rows)
david=# select indexrelname, pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size(relid)) from pg_stat_user_indexes where schemaname='public' order by pg_relation_size(relid) desc;
indexrelname | pg_size_pretty
-------------------------------+----------------
idx_join_date_test | 91 MB
idx_test | 91 MB
testtable_idx | 1424 kB
city_pkey | 256 kB
city11 | 256 kB
countrylanguage_pkey | 56 kB
sale_pkey | 8192 bytes
track_pkey | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201211_joindate | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201212_joindate | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201301_joindate | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201302_joindate | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201303_joindate | 8192 bytes
customer_pkey | 8192 bytes
album_pkey | 8192 bytes
item_pkey | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201304_joindate | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201307_joindate | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201305_joindate | 0 bytes
tbl_partition_201306_joindate | 0 bytes
(20 rows)
david=#

3.7 查看指定表大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_relation_size('test');
pg_relation_size
------------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size('test'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
MB
(1 row)
david=#

使用pg_table_size() 函数查看
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_table_size('test');
pg_table_size
---------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_table_size('test'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
MB
(1 row)
david=#

3.8 查看指定表的总大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_total_relation_size('test');
pg_total_relation_size
------------------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_total_relation_size('test'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
MB
(1 row)
david=#

3.9 查看指定schema 里所有的表大小,按从大到小的顺序排列。
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select relname, pg_size_pretty(pg_relation_size(relid)) from pg_stat_user_tables where schemaname='public' order by pg_relation_size(relid) desc;
relname | pg_size_pretty
-------------------------------+----------------
test | 91 MB
testtable | 1424 kB
city | 256 kB
countrylanguage | 56 kB
country | 40 kB
testcount | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201302 | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201303 | 8192 bytes
person | 8192 bytes
customer | 8192 bytes
american_state | 8192 bytes
tbl_david | 8192 bytes
emp | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201212 | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201304 | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_error_join_date | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201211 | 8192 bytes
album | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201307 | 8192 bytes
tbl_xulie | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201301 | 8192 bytes
sale | 8192 bytes
item | 8192 bytes
track | 8192 bytes
tbl_partition_201306 | 0 bytes
tbl_partition | 0 bytes
tbl_partition_201305 | 0 bytes
person2 | 0 bytes
(28 rows)
david=#

3.10 查看表空间大小
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select spcname from pg_tablespace;
spcname
------------
pg_default
pg_global
(2 rows)
david=# select pg_tablespace_size('pg_default');
pg_tablespace_size
--------------------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_size_pretty(pg_tablespace_size('pg_default'));
pg_size_pretty
----------------
GB
(1 row)
david=#

另一种查看方法:
复制代码 代码如下:
david=# select pg_tablespace_size('pg_default')/1024/1024 as "SIZE M";
SIZE M
--------
(1 row)
david=# select pg_tablespace_size('pg_default')/1024/1024/1024 as "SIZE G";
SIZE G
--------
(1 row)
david=#

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